Bouncing Back

How BBX turned scratch and dent assets into success

Editor’s note: SFBW’s July cover story discussed the legal saga of banker Alan Levan. This article covers how he’s found success after the recession.

By Kevin Gale

Chairman and CEO Alan Levan had two key reasons to celebrate at the annual shareholder meeting of BBX Capital in May. One was being fully cleared after 10 years of litigation surrounding BankAtlantic Bancorp. The other was celebrating the five-year anniversary of BBX Capital, which had just seen its shares hit a new peak.

On July 6, BBX hit another milestone when it announced its class A shares would start trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol BBX. BBX’s legacy companies, Bluegreen Corporation, Levitt Corporation and BankAtlantic Bancorp, once all traded on the NYSE.

While many banks failed during the Great Recession, Levan in 2012 sold BankAtlantic’s 68 branches, $3.3 billion in deposits and $2.1 billion in loans to BB&T. BankAtlantic Bancorp, which changed its name to BBX Capital, realized a gain of $307 million and kept $600 million in what he calls scratch-and-dent assets.

“The regulators did not like the banks having nonperforming loans on their books. We kept insisting to the regulators that these issues were market-driven, not loan-specific-driven, so all we had to do was wait until the market turned and all this real estate would be golden,” says Levan, who turned out to be right.

Some investors stood by the company and bought millions of shares for 35 cents a share in 2009, Levan said at the meeting. The day before the meeting, shares were trading at $7.38. Those who bought a million shares for $350,000 during the dark days of the recession had a $7 million profit.

To realize value from the $600 million in assets, BBX commenced 92 commercial foreclosures and lawsuits and collected more than $100 million in judgments. It monetized 481 separate real estate assets and launched 19 joint venture real estate developments.

BBX teamed with some of South Florida’s best-known residential developers, including Joel Altman, Armando Codina and Jim Carr. It also teamed with Stiles Retail Group to develop Gardens on Millenia in Orlando. The amount of developable land almost doubled when part of a lake was filled in with 10,000 truckloads of filler, Levan said. “They say they don’t make land anymore. We made land.”

Levan has steered clear of the condominium market, which he thinks is overheated, but says apartments and single-family homes are still strong.

Another key part of BBX is Bluegreen Vacations, which was hammered during the recession. BFC gained a 5 percent stake in 2005 and reached 52 percent ownership in 2009. In 2013, BBX got the rest of the shares.

“Our EBITDA [earnings before interest, taxes, deductions and amortization] is virtually half of what we paid for the entire company over a 15-year period,” Levan says.

Alan Levan
Alan Levan
BBX has expanded Hoffman’s Chocolates
BBX has expanded Hoffman’s Chocolates
The Fountains in Orlando is one of Bluegreen Vacations’ properties
The Fountains in Orlando is one of Bluegreen Vacations’ properties

The company is listed on the books at $267 million, but common industry valuation metrics indicate it’s worth between $1 billion and $1.25 billion, Levan says.

He lauds Bluegreen’s management team and alliances that put sales kiosks in Bass Pro Shops, Simon Properties malls and Tanger Outlets. Choice Hotels’ loyalty program also refers customers.

BBX also has made investments in an array of middle-market companies that had some elements of distress when they were bought, Levan says.

Renin, a Canadian-based door and décor products company, was losing money when BBX and Levan’s BFC Financial (which merged with BBX in 2016) bought it in 2013. Renin lost more than $2 million a year in 2015 and 2014 before taxes, but made $857,000 in 2016. It was also named millwork vendor of the year for Lowe’s.

BBX has developed a niche with candymakers, wholesalers and retailers—perceiving a fragmented industry that’s ripe for consolidation and growth. That started with a 2013 investment in Hoffman’s Chocolate, which makes candy in Greenacres and sells them at retailers.

In 2014, BBX acquired five chocolate wholesale companies. BBX Sweet Holdings’ website recently listed Anastasia Confections, Droga Chocolates, Helen Grace Chocolates, Kencraft Candy, The Toffee Box and Williams & Bennett.

In June, BBX purchased a 93 percent stake in Deerfield-based It’Sugar for $57 million. It’Sugar gives BBX a national footprint with nearly 100 stores, including 12 in South Florida.

BBX in 2016 bought the franchise rights in central and southern Florida for MOD Pizza, which makes artisanal pizzas on demand. BBX plans to open four MODs this year and then accelerate growth over the next five years, Levan says. The BBX annual report indicates 60 MODs are planned for over seven years.

Many of BBX’s assets do not generate income on a predictable basis and the company’s goal is to build long-term shareholder value, Levan says. Since earnings may fluctuate, the company doesn’t provide quarterly guidance. The CEO who had to fight class-action lawyers and the SEC also says it’s too dangerous and risky.

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Drew Limsky

Drew Limsky



Drew Limsky joined Lifestyle Media Group in August 2020 as Editor-in-Chief of South Florida Business & Wealth. His first issue of SFBW, October 2020, heralded a reimagined structure, with new content categories and a slew of fresh visual themes. “As sort of a cross between Forbes and Robb Report, with a dash of GQ and Vogue,” Limsky says, “SFBW reflects South Florida’s increasingly sophisticated and dynamic business and cultural landscape.”

Limsky, an avid traveler, swimmer and film buff who holds a law degree and Ph.D. from New York University, likes to say, “I’m a doctor, but I can’t operate—except on your brand.” He wrote his dissertation on the nonfiction work of Joan Didion. Prior to that, Limsky received his B.A. in English, summa cum laude, from Emory University and earned his M.A. in literature at American University in connection with a Masters Scholar Award fellowship.

Limsky came to SFBW at the apex of a storied career in journalism and publishing that includes six previous lead editorial roles, including for some of the world’s best-known brands. He served as global editor-in-chief of Lexus magazine, founding editor-in-chief of custom lifestyle magazines for Cadillac and Holland America Line, and was the founding editor-in-chief of Modern Luxury Interiors South Florida. He also was the executive editor for B2B magazines for Acura and Honda Financial Services, and he served as travel editor for Conde Nast. Magazines under Limsky’s editorship have garnered more than 75 industry awards.

He has also written for many of the country’s top newspapers and magazines, including The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Miami Herald, Boston Globe, USA Today, Worth, Robb Report, Afar, Time Out New York, National Geographic Traveler, Men’s Journal, Ritz-Carlton, Elite Traveler, Florida Design, Metropolis and Architectural Digest Mexico. His other clients have included Four Seasons, Acqualina Resort & Residences, Yahoo!, American Airlines, Wynn, Douglas Elliman and Corcoran. As an adjunct assistant professor, Limsky has taught journalism, film and creative writing at the City University of New York, Pace University, American University and other colleges.