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What Does Warren Buffett See in General Motors?

Why there’s a case for GM as a value gem — and a growth story.

General Motors‘s (NYSE:GM) stock is trading at just 6.3 times GM’s expected 2017 earnings. That’s well below the roughly 10 times earnings that we’d expect for a healthy automaker. And thanks to that modest valuation, GM’s steady dividend is yielding 4.1% right now.

GM might seem like yesterday’s news, a “value trap” set to be eclipsed by high-tech names. But some famed value investors, including the great Warren Buffett, think GM is worth holding. Are they seeing something that we should be looking at more closely?

Buffett owns GM, but should we?

As I mentioned above, GM’s shareholders include some very big-name value investors: Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE:BRK-A) (NYSE:BRK-B) and Mohnish Pabrai, for starters.

It’s not hard to see what those brilliant investors are probably noting. Yes, GM’s stock is cheap according to those simple measures. But there’s much more to it: Under CEO Mary Barra, GM has shifted far away from its longtime obsession with market share, refocusing on much more Buffett-like measures: return on invested capital (ROIC), credit quality, and the amount of cash returned to its shareholders.

GM’s shares have been stuck in a rut for a while. I think they’ve been overlooked as Wall Street hotshots have chased hot names like Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA). To be fair, Tesla’s stock has delivered outsized returns — at least so far.

But there’s a good case for an investment in GM too, and it’s only going to become clearer over time. As GM itself sees it, the investment case for GM stock has four parts:

  • “Disciplined capital allocation.” That’s GM’s term for its investment approach. GM is committed to seeking ROIC of over 20%, while maintaining a cash reserve of about $18 billion, preserving its investment-grade credit rating, and returning all excess cash to its shareholders. That emphasis on high ROIC has led GM to exit less-profitable businesses, most notably by selling its European operation earlier this year.
  • Earnings growth. Thanks to that emphasis on ROIC, GM’s profit has been growing faster than its revenue — or put another way, GM’s operating margin has been increasing. Strong new products have been especially helpful here, and GM’s brand-new lineup of crossover SUVs should help sustain that trend for a while longer, even if the U.S. new-car market weakens.
  • Downside protection. Autos are a cyclical business, but GM is well-prepared for the next downturn, with a much-improved cost structure — and that hefty cash reserve, which is intended to ensure that GM can sustain its investments in new products and technologies through a recession, when profits may be thin.
  • Technology. More than most traditional automakers, GM is out in front of the high-tech trends that seem likely to transform the auto business: electric vehiclesself-driving, and sharedmobility. Tesla gets the big press, but remember: GM shipped its affordable long-range electric car months before Tesla did.

White Chevrolet Bolts with visible self-driving sensors move down an assembly line at GM's factory in Orion Township, Michigan.

TESLA GETS THE HIGH-TECH ATTENTION. BUT GM BECAME THE FIRST AUTOMAKER TO BUILD SELF-DRIVING CARS IN A REGULAR ASSEMBLY PLANT IN JUNE, WHEN IT COMPLETED A PRODUCTION RUN OF 130 SELF-DRIVING CHEVROLET BOLTS FOR TESTING. MANY MORE ARE EXPECTED TO FOLLOW. IMAGE SOURCE: GENERAL MOTORS.

The big takeaway: GM is an intriguing buy

To sum up GM’s own argument: GM is well-positioned to thrive, both in the present and amid the disruption that’s likely to come to the auto industry in the near future. It’s in a cyclical business, and a downturn could be on the horizon, but it’s well-prepared to come out of that downturn in a strongly competitive position.

Meanwhile, as I noted up front, the stock is inexpensive by historical measures, and it’s confident that it can sustain that nice dividend through a downturn (unless things get dire, of course). There’s a nice story here, one that’s already being reflected in GM’s bottom line. I think a patient investor could do a lot worse than to buy some GM shares now, reinvest the dividends, and wait for Wall Street to catch on.

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John Rosevear owns shares of General Motors. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Tesla. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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Drew Limsky

Drew Limsky

Editor-in-Chief

BIOGRAPHY

Drew Limsky joined Lifestyle Media Group in August 2020 as Editor-in-Chief of South Florida Business & Wealth. His first issue of SFBW, October 2020, heralded a reimagined structure, with new content categories and a slew of fresh visual themes. “As sort of a cross between Forbes and Robb Report, with a dash of GQ and Vogue,” Limsky says, “SFBW reflects South Florida’s increasingly sophisticated and dynamic business and cultural landscape.”

Limsky, an avid traveler, swimmer and film buff who holds a law degree and Ph.D. from New York University, likes to say, “I’m a doctor, but I can’t operate—except on your brand.” He wrote his dissertation on the nonfiction work of Joan Didion. Prior to that, Limsky received his B.A. in English, summa cum laude, from Emory University and earned his M.A. in literature at American University in connection with a Masters Scholar Award fellowship.

Limsky came to SFBW at the apex of a storied career in journalism and publishing that includes six previous lead editorial roles, including for some of the world’s best-known brands. He served as global editor-in-chief of Lexus magazine, founding editor-in-chief of custom lifestyle magazines for Cadillac and Holland America Line, and was the founding editor-in-chief of Modern Luxury Interiors South Florida. He also was the executive editor for B2B magazines for Acura and Honda Financial Services, and he served as travel editor for Conde Nast. Magazines under Limsky’s editorship have garnered more than 75 industry awards.

He has also written for many of the country’s top newspapers and magazines, including The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Miami Herald, Boston Globe, USA Today, Worth, Robb Report, Afar, Time Out New York, National Geographic Traveler, Men’s Journal, Ritz-Carlton, Elite Traveler, Florida Design, Metropolis and Architectural Digest Mexico. His other clients have included Four Seasons, Acqualina Resort & Residences, Yahoo!, American Airlines, Wynn, Douglas Elliman and Corcoran. As an adjunct assistant professor, Limsky has taught journalism, film and creative writing at the City University of New York, Pace University, American University and other colleges.